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2010年5月 4日

幹部研鑽会と全国大会終わる

 生長の家の運動組織の恒例のイベントである全国幹部研鑽会と全国大会が終わった。5月1日が白鳩会の全国幹部研鑽会、2日が相愛会と栄える会合同の全国幹部研鑽会、3日は青年会の全国大会だった。私は、それぞれの日の午後に1時間の講話を担当した。その準備のため、本欄は休載させていただいた。
 
「全国大会」から「幹部研鑽会」に切り替えて2回目となった白鳩会の会合では、昨年と同じさいたま市の大宮ソニックシティホールをメイン会場とし、京都府宇治市の生長の家宇治別格本山と福岡県太宰府市の生長の家福岡県教化部、さらに今年は札幌市の生長の家札幌教化部を加えた4会場を光回線で結んで開催された。参加者の資格は昨年同様に「支部長以上の組織役員」に限られたが、4会場合計で昨年より282人多い6,446人が参集してくださった。

 相愛会と栄える会の合同全国幹部研鑽会は、昨年、東京の明治神宮会館1会場で行われたが、今年は東京会場を有楽町駅前のよみうりホールに変え、加えて会場を白鳩会と同じ宇治別格本山、福岡県教化部、札幌教化部にも設け、これら4会場に1,851人が集まってくださった。この数は、昨年の参加者数(1,811人)とあまり変わらないようだが、昨年は壮年層であれば一般会員も参加できたものを、今回は組織の役員に対象を限定して行われた。
 
 3日に行われた第62回生長の家青年会全国大会は、よみうりホール1箇所で、また参加資格も「青年会員」に限定して行われたが、昨年の青年会員の参加者数(788人)より多い951人の参加があった。今回は、参加者の目標を教区が自主的に決めて推進したそうだが、前回より2割も参加者が増えたことは注目に値する。
  
 生長の家は現在、“自然とともに伸びる運動”の実現を目指しているから、行事への参加者が増えればよいとする単純な考え方をしていない。行事開催の過程で排出されるCO2の量を減らしつつ、教勢を伸ばしていくのが目標であり、これの成否は短期間ではわからない。今回の行事でも、その目標に向かって関係者が様々な工夫を凝らして取り組んでくださった。そのご努力に心から感謝申し上げます。
 
 私は、今回の講話の中で「ミラーニューロン」のことに触れた。これは、私たちの脳に存在する一群の細胞で、目の前にいる“相手”の感情をシミュレートするという特殊な役割をもっている。つまり、相手の感情を“鏡”(ミラー)のように映す機能をもっている。人間と高等の霊長類にしかないと考えられており、言語の発生とも関係が深い可能性がある。研究者のマルコ・イヤコボーニ博士の言葉を借りれば、この細胞群は「自分でサッカーボールを蹴ったときも、ボールが蹴られるのを見たときにも、ボールが蹴られる音を聞いたときにも、果ては“蹴る”という単語を発したり聞いたりしただけでも、すべて同じように発火する」のである。この細胞群があるために、私たちは他人の気持を推し量ったり、小説や映画の主人公に感情移入することができるとされている。
 
 私は、この特殊な神経細胞群の存在は、人間が「自他一体」の実感を得る能力があること示す有力な証拠だと考える。また、この細胞群が人間において最も発達しているという事実は、人間の本質が、他の動物のように「欲望を満たす」ことにあるのではなく、他者と「喜びを共有する」ことにある、と語っているような気がする。だから、この方面での心理学や神経科学の発達は、宗教に関わる者として興味がつきない。
 
 谷口 雅宣

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コメント

合掌
佐世保からは幹部がバスと電車で白鳩会の福岡会場で聞かせていただきました。
empathy。ミラーニュウロン。新しい言葉を自分のなかでなじませるためには何回もお話を聞いたり本を読むことが必要だと実感しました。英語圏で造語で作られたエンパシーという言葉はもう何千年もまえに釈迦がいわれたことと同じようなことであるということに驚きました。四無量心のお話を何回も何回もお聞きして少しずつ自分のものになってきているようです。神想観に励みます。再拝

投稿: 長谷川 千鶴子 | 2010年5月 4日 22:24

谷口雅宣先生

 合掌、ありがとうございます。
 この度は、3日間に渡り組織の全国行事でご指導賜り、誠にありがとうございました。
特に5月3日の青年会全国大会では、青年会幹部・会員に向けて、最新の科学情報を交えながら、人間の本質や“仏の四無量心”についてご教示くださり、また、力強い励ましのお言葉も頂戴し、大変感激致しました。重ねて感謝申し上げます。
 全国大会終了直後から、大会受講者からの「ポスティングジョイ」への書き込みが増大し、そのほとんどが総裁先生、白鳩会総裁先生のご講話に感動した、との内容で、投稿の一つ一つを確認しながら、改めて喜びがわき上がって参りました。参加者の感想等につきましては、後日、改めてご報告させて頂きます。
 今回ご講話の中でご紹介くださった「ミラーニューロン」についてのご説明は、大変興味深く拝聴させて頂きました。お話しを伺いながら私は、以前、総裁先生が『今こそ自然から学ぼう』の中でお教え下さった、ゴードン・ギャラップ博士の「自己認識能力」の論文のことを思い出しました。
  これらの論説が、「自他一体」の実感を得る能力、または“仏の四無量心”が、人間には初めから備わっている、との有力な証拠となるならば、私たちが今後人々に真理をお伝えしていく上での、強力な説得材料になると思いました。
 今回、教えて頂いたことを、今後さらに青年会の幹部・会員たちと共に深めていきながら、運動に生かして参ります。

 青年会会長 竹村 正広 再拝

投稿: 竹村 正広 | 2010年5月 5日 19:58

合掌ありがとうございます

愛知教区青年会の平野明日香と申します.
青年会全国大会に参加させて頂きました.体験談、日時計ニュースではそれぞれ個性が表現されており、でも目指すものが世界平和という部分で一致しておりました.これは、雅宣先生のご講話でおっしゃられていた「様々な分野でそれに見合った力を発揮する」ことが現れた素晴らしいものと感じました.

また先生のご講話でおっしゃられていた“ミラーニューロン”は私の職種であるリハビリの分野で聞き慣れた言葉であり、先生が多岐に渡り学ばれている事に改めて尊敬の念を抱きました.
「ミラーニューロンの存在が自他一体の実感を得る有力な証拠である」という考えは、とても納得できました.ありがとうございます.

ミラーニューロンは他人との自他一体を感じるものですが、Irikiらによって発見された研究結果も興味深いものであり、この自他一体が人以外と感じられるものではないかと思い、ご紹介させて頂きます.

Irikiらは道具によって身体イメージが延長することを示しました.この実験ではサルに熊手を持たせてえさを手前に引き寄せるように仕向けたところ、頭頂葉のVIP野のすぐ側の領域にニューロン活動を発見したというものです.これはサルが単に手にもっている熊手を眺めているだけでは起きず、熊手を使って餌を引き寄せ、手の身体図式が道具を使用することによって、一時的、短時間のうちにその道具まで延長することが示されました.
具体的な例を挙げると、ペンで絵を描くときは、ペンの先は感覚がないのにも関わらず、ペンの先の知覚があたかも自分の手先のように感じるということです.

今後も脳科学の進歩に敏感になり、情報を収集するとともに、生長の家の御教えと照らし合わせて考えて参りたいと思います.


長くなりましたが、全国大会でのご指導ありがとうございました.

再拝

投稿: 平野明日香 | 2010年5月 5日 22:43

皆さん、感想をいただき有り難うございました。
私の講話が皆さんの役に立てればうれしいです。

投稿: 谷口 | 2010年5月 6日 10:44

Hi big boss!

I attended the event for youth and I appreciated the initiative to encourage online encounters in order to decrease CO2 dispersion into the atmosphere. People from Saitama, Kyoto (Uji), Fukuoka and Sapporo had the opportunity to watch your lecture via web.

I have an enormous interest on how much IT can change cities, and it should be possible to conciliate economical growth with environmental issues as well. I mean, it is theoretically possible to share information and knowledge with people from very distant places and also decrease CO2 discharges into the atmosphere.

Professor Masanobu Taniguchi, finally, I would like to apologize for write in English (it takes time to express my ideas in Japanese and I have the impression my ideas lose the accuracy and are not well expressed) and express my utmost appreciation for your guidance.

I am very proud to continue following the religion my great-grandmother chose.

Best regards,

投稿: マウロ | 2010年5月 8日 23:10

Mauro,
Thanks for your comment.
You have raised an interesting point that IT can change cities. I thought IT can change country life instead. Living in one of world's biggest cities, I would not be able to imagine much more progress in cities. Will you elaborate more on this?

- MT

投稿: 谷口 | 2010年5月 9日 12:10

Of course big boss! You cant imagine how happy I feel to talk to you!

Perhaps, I am too much optmistic about IT possibilities, but I can envision several social improvements with this technology.

Professor Masanobu, you know better than me about several problems such as: low birth rate, the shrinking population of medium and small cities, the losing of family ties and so on.

Actually, it is said that some serious issues that hinders women to deliver babies are related to work duties; e.g., the need TO BE IN A PLACE (office), overtime work, high education costs and the fierce desire to succeed as a professional.

Well, make believe that IT technology is quite spread all over Japan. I deeply think, or better, I dream with a future where mothers are allowed to spend more time in SOHO, or hybrid residences. Of course, everything has pros and cons, but, if it is well and thoretically perfectly managed, women could have more opportunities to work at home, and I believe it could be better to give birth to children. On the other hand, they should be able to manage time very well in order to separate "home" and "office".

Of course, it would include men as well.

However, since some face to face contact is quite important, the management should be improved. Probably, some personal meetings would also be necessary, and it would be necessary to meet colleagues and bosses in a determined period, e.g. once in 15 days.

Anyway, I believe the world is too complex, therefore to tackle several problems, it is necessary to tie forces with different professionals, and in this case, company managers and urban planners must join forces to succeed.

Professor Masanobu, if we think for the environmental view, the lifestyle of a single in a metropolis is quite expensive and consumes a lot of energy.

Theoretically, living in a big group (family) would decrease the energy consumption per person.

The next possibility of IT is: students could study and research at home, without going to the physical place.

By the way, in my home country, Brazil there are some on line courses.

Of course, as I said, it has pros and cons; it would be necessary to have an enormous self discipline to succeed.

I have already posted in postingjoy (maybe I wrote in japanese, I don't remember exactly...), I witnessed one professor of my university in an on line class. He was giving a lecture to students in Tokyo and also in Thailand.

It is the point which I mentioned in my first post above, regarding the way to share information and knowledge.

But to work out, for the student or the employer in an office, it is necessary to have self discipline. Some people can perform, but others may not. However, the possibility is available, and it is the way to decrease CO2 discharges into the atmosphere and move the economy (shifting the paradigms from an industrial economy to a knowledge economy).

Okay, I mentioned about some social possibilities, environmental issues, flaws and potentialities.

Allow me to talk about the cities.

Japan is a blessed country with beautiful sceneries and history. Kyoto, Izu, Suwa are nice spots, to few just some.

With IT possibilities, I have been questioning my self: what if the government started an intertwined movement with some companies and prefectures to create a favorable environment to attract some employers? If a guy receives 400,000 en per month in Tokyo, but with very high monthly expenses, wouldn't this guy be attracted to live in Izu, Kyoto or Suwa receiving the very same income in a less cost environment? There are benefits which are not likely to be included in the price (externality-外部性): in Izu, it is possible to enjoy the famous hot springs; Kyoto is spetacular for its greenery, history and so on; and Suwa has a very beautiful lake.

Imagine people performing their tasks in their computers, sending the results to the head quarters via web, enjoying the local environment and spending the time with their families. Transport time, CO2 dispersions would also be reduced.

It is a possibility. Moreover, since these people could have a high income, they could also boost up the local economies.

However, there are cons (and pros). It's worth to think about how to spread IT and better use it.

For example, I think that some people enjoy shopping at metropolises, and they could hardly do this in a smaller city (though beautiful).

When I say that people could work or study from home, I don't mean they would stay all the time at home. Obviously, face to face conversation would also be necessary sometimes.

Well, but even in the metropolises, if people could work at home (with self discipline), the environmental burden from transports could be decreased.

I don't remember exactly, but the CO2 dispersions in Mexico City polluted the environment in such a way that decreased the solar rays (downward shortwave radiation) in approximately 20%. Ah...I have to confirm this information, okay?

Can we extend it to all people? Probably not. If you ask me the proportion, I wouldn't know how to answer.

However, I see here a chance to diminish environmental burden and foster local economies in a "green way".

Well, if you ask me about how we could improve the life in metropolises I have some solutions (ACTUALLY MY DREAM IS TO WRITE A BOOK ABOUT IT, BUT...)

For example, if the air quality in cities could drastically improve with cars powered by hydrogen, I suppose the respiratory diseases would decrease (I would also suggest to have strict regulations to prevent smoking as well....).

Okay, what else could we envision with a cleaner air?

I am not a biologist, but an architect, and with the available technology to erect high buildings, I strongly believe that is possible to have communitary crops.

How?

It is difficult to imagine without drawing, but imagine the current Tokyo now; a block with literally jammed with 2 store houses and no greenery.

If it could be able to sum up the area of this houses and gather into a vertical residential building, we could make room for usable area in the ground level.

Of course, it would also be necessary to consider the solar path as well, but I am only mentioning a very schematic idea, and unfortunately I cannot draw now.

A biologist or an agricultural engineer knows well about more resilient plants that could be harvested in a....I would say, warmer urban environment but with cleaner air (suppose we have only hydrogen and electric powered cars).

I don't know how much, but it would be possible to produce some vegetables or fruits..why not? I am a dreamer like Jules Verne or Buckminster Fuller....technicians can help this dream come true..anyway...

Going back to another possibility.

Wind velocity is low close to the ground level, but becomes faster at high heights.

Couldn't we envision skyscrapers equiped with solar panels and helped by (light) wind turbines?

Sorry, I like to speak about these possibilities!

I really think that it is possible to change not only country life, but also revive small and medium cities as well, and also decrease CO2 dispersion in metropolises.

If I had some sketches, or if I could draw, it would be better to express my ideas...

Sorry for this mess.

And thanks for your question!

忝いです。


投稿: マウロ | 2010年5月 9日 19:37

Hi big boss!

Sorry, I am not sure whether my very long comment was sent or not (I wrote too much hehe )

I will try to be conscise.

By spreading IT, theoretically workers don't need to go to offices, and they can perform all the tasks at home. The sense of LOCAL may be changed.

Environmental burden caused by transports can decrease with less people moving in the cities. Also, thinking about economy (or should I say diseconomy?), how much time is lost everyday in traffic jams?

If we think in an externality, how much stress is generated by traffic jams, pollution, and how much it affect the mood of people and their performance?

I have also a social point of view. Perhaps, low birth rate can not be tackled, but if moms (and dads) could work at home, it could result in a more favorable environment to foster a child.

Of course, it has several pros and cons. It should be necessary to have self discipline and separate "home" and "office". Moreover, it wouldn't extinguish the need to have face to face conversations; it would be necessary, e.g. once in 15 days.

But, to successfully implement this, urban planners and company managers should think carefully TOGETHER. And, it would not be extended to all population, but if it were possible to decrease the transport in big cities, CO2 dispersions would also diminish, so does the stress, and a better family environment could be achieved.

Regarding the knowledge sharing, I have the very same idea of what was exposed in 全国大会. Actually, I took a lecture in my university, and the professor was giving an online lecture. Both students in Japan and Thailand were seeing the very same lecture.

I dream of the day where professors can give their lectures and students can see them by web. It would decrease the environmental burden, enable the knowledge sharing, but it has a flaw: students must have an enormous self discipline.

Just to mention: in Brazil there are some on line courses offered by universities.

Moreover, I think we can improve the environment with small measures as well.

Today I had a 誌友会 in portuguese and I asked to not turn on the lights. Theoretically, with 500 lux in the environment, I can have a good environment in an office. I think in sunny days it is possible to have an inner environment lit with daylighting..(ah..it depends on the vicinity, urban morphology, colors etc).

Thanks for your question. Actually the past post had a lot of info, but it was too much. I suppose it exceeded the limit.

MS

投稿: マウロ | 2010年5月 9日 20:07

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